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History Assessment Purpose You will be given two sources, a primary source and a secondary source. Your assignment is to read, analyze, and compare these two sources. The goal of this assignment is to gain experience critically reading and assessing different types of historical sources. A primary source is an original artifact or first-hand account about an event written during the time period in which the event occurred. A secondary source is written by someone who did not experience the event first-hand and written after the time in which the event occurred. Steps for Completing Assignment There are four steps to this assignment. The first step is to summarize each source. The second step is to analyzeeach source. The third step is to evaluate each source. And the fourth step is to compare the two sources. Step I: Summarize You will begin by summarizing each source. Summarizing involves putting the main ideas/argument of a source in your own words. A summary is much shorter than the original text and includes only the main arguments made in the source. Shoot for a 7-10 sentence summary of each source. Here are some questions to help you summarize the source: What is the text about? What is the main idea the text is getting across? What are the main points that support that idea? Step II: Analyze The next step is to analyze each source. Analysis involves identifying and explaining the purpose, intended audience, and evidence used in the source. Provide examples. Here are some questions to help you analyze the source: What was the author hoping to accomplish with this text? What was the author’s primary goal in writing this text? Who was the author hoping to reach with this source? Who is the intended audience? What evidence does the author use to make his or her case? Step III: Evaluate The next step is to evaluate each source. Evaluation involves determining the reliability and credibility of a source. Here are some questions to help you evaluate the source. Provide examples. Here are some questions to help you evaluate the source: Who is the author? What gives him or her authority to speak on this subject? What biases might this author hold? Does the text appear biased? How reliable is the evidence? Step IV: Compare The final step is to compare the two sources. Comparing involves identifying and comparing the strengths and weaknesses of each source, and the ways they are useful in understanding an historical event. Here are some questions to help you compare the sources. What are the strengths of each source? What are the weaknesses of each source? How can each source be useful in understanding this issue/event in history? Assignment Layout: Introduction: Introduce each source by author and title and set up the rest of your paper. Body: Summarize, analyze, and evaluate one source at a time (steps I, II, and III). Create a new paragraph for each topic (i.e., one for each summary, analysis, and evaluation). Introduce each paragraph with a topic sentence. Conclusion: The comparison (step IV) will be your conclusion. Format: Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) Citation: If you quote or paraphrase directly from text, you are required to cite your source using Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Ed. Length: 1200-1500 words

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